Protection from the elements
Although able to withstand extremes in temperature if properly fed and well-bedded, goats do need shelter from dampness and drafts. Sheds and barns for goats should be well-ventilated and not dark. Insulation is not required; however if the shed is insulated, adequate ventilation is a must to prevent excessive moisture inside the building. Condensation on walls and ceilings is an indication of inadequate ventilation and may cause respiratory problems.
Goats may be loosely housed or kept in individual stalls. At least 20 square feet per animal is required for loose housing; more is preferable. An individual stall to accommodate one goat should be at least 2 feet by 4 feet. Exercise should be provided on a daily basis for stalled goats, preferably outdoors.
In all types of housing, bedding should be dry, clean, and deep, especially in the winter. Straw is the usual bedding material, however wood shavings and other such materials are also used. Care must be taken to ensure that palatable bedding materials are not poisonous or in any other way contaminated.